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Granma province has a population of 833,600 inhabitants. It is considered the fifth most densely populated province in the country with 99.5 inhab. / Km ². Granma Province assumed its name in 1976 owing it to the landing of the Granma, the yacht that brought Fidel and the expedition that began the revolution from the Sierra Maestra in 1956, in Las Coloradas beach. The adoption of this name was held also by the dispute between the cities of Manzanillo and Bayamo, on the final name that should lead the province to include both, geographically close.
Granma is the home of “the father of the homeland” and of the Cuban nationality, initiator of the liberal 1868 and scene of action gestated by the Centenary Generation: the assault on the Carlos Manuel de Cespedes barracks in Bayamo and Granma Landing.
Its territory covers an area of 8,362 km ² - does not include keys that are an extension of 9.6 km ² -, which constitutes the 7.5% of the total land area.
The geography of Granma is characterized by the harmonious contrast between the plains and the mountains. In its boundaries enclose many of the highest peaks of the Cuban territory, by the immeasurable vastness of the plain of Cauto, one of the most extensive and uniform of the country.
To the south, occupying a third part of its territory, stands the Sierra Maestra. The maximum elevation of Granma is the peak The Bayamesa at 1,730 meters over the sea level. From the Sierra Maestra dump all the major rivers of the province. Among them, firstly, the Cauto, the longer of the Cuban rivers,
Bayamo is the main city in the province, and is known also as “The city of the stage coaches”, thanks to the great tradition of the rides in these coaches.  Bayamo is the place where it was sung for the first time the Cuban National Hymn on October 20, 1868, at the beginning of the independence war against Spanish domination.